Ratio of Debt to Income
Your debt to income ratio is a formula lenders use to calculate how much of your income can be used for a monthly mortgage payment after you meet your other monthly debt payments.
About the qualifying ratio
Typically, conventional loans require a qualifying ratio of 28/36. An FHA loan will usually allow for a higher debt load, reflected in a higher (29/41) qualifying ratio.
The first number is how much (by percent) of your gross monthly income that can be spent on housing. This ratio is figured on your total payment, including homeowners' insurance, HOA dues, Private Mortgage Insurance - everything.
The second number is the maximum percentage of your gross monthly income that should be spent on housing expenses and recurring debt together. Recurring debt includes auto/boat loans, child support and credit card payments.
Some example data:
- Gross monthly income of $8,000 x .28 = $2,240 can be applied to housing
- Gross monthly income of $8,000 x .36 = $2,280 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses
With a 29/41 (FHA) qualifying ratio
- Gross monthly income of $8,000 x .29 = $2,320 can be applied to housing
- Gross monthly income of $8,000 x .41 = $3,280 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses
If you want to run your own numbers, feel free to use our very useful Loan Pre-Qualification Calculator.
Remember these are just guidelines. We will be happy to go over pre-qualification to determine how much you can afford.